In this section, the evaluation of the six options is described by environmental component. The existing conditions describes the Stoney Creek Regional Facility and surrounding community in it's current state and the Comparative Evaluation of the Options describes the advantages and disadvantages of each after applying mitigation measures. 

For each environmental component, the resulting effects are described in the following way: 

 

Land Use, Visual, Economic

Existing Conditions

  • Land use within the Local Study Area includes agricultural, commercial, institutional, recreational, and residential
  • There is ongoing residential development in the Study Area (approximately 1,000 dwellings within 500 m from the property boundary)
  • $28.7 million in economic activity in the Hamilton area per year
  • 51 jobs and almost $2.6 million in wages for local workers
  • $2.2 million per year in local taxes, royalties and fees paid by Terrapure

 

Comparative Evaluation of the Options

  • Options 1, 2, 4, and 5 are all more preferred because there is either no proposed height increase or a relatively low height increase and the views can be minimized through screening 
  • Options 3 and 6 are less preferred because there is a relatively greater height increase and the views cannot be fully minimized through screening 
  • Options 3, 5, and 6 are all more preferred because they would yield the highest benefit to the City of Hamilton and local economy in terms of economic activity and jobs.
  • Options 1, 2, and 4 are less preferred because they all result in the lowest economic benefit to the City and local economy. 

Archaeology and Built Heritage

Existing Conditions

  • The entire site has been previously disturbed/excavated due to former quarry activity 
  • There is one built heritage resource (Billy Green House at 30 Ridge Road) within the Local Study Area 

Comparative Evaluation of the Options

  • All Options are equally preferred from a Cultural Environment perspective because no cultural or heritage landscapes would be disturbed or displaced and the site has been previously excavated and disturbed for quarrying. Therefore, no archaeological resources would be adversely affected. 

Geology and Hydrogeology 

Existing Conditions

  • The Stoney Creek Regional Facility is a highly engineered site with a 3 metre double-liner system that ensures maximum environmental protection
  • Groundwater is collected through a series of trenches
  • Groundwater is monitored to ensure there is no off-site migration of contaminants and that the landfill is not causing the groundwater level to lower

Comparative Evaluation of the Options

  • All Options are equally preferred from a groundwater quality and flow perspective because no adverse effects are expected. 

Surface Water

Existing Conditions

  • Rain that falls on capped areas of the site is collected in a stormwater management pond 
  • The stormwater management pond is tested to meet quality and quantity parameters before it is discharged off-site 
  • Rain that falls on the active landfill area is collected and treated as leachate 
  • Surface water is monitored at 8 locations in watercourses downstream of the site 

Comparative Evaluation of the Options

  • Options 1, 3, and 5 are all more preferred because they maintain the site's existing stormwater management ponds. 
  • Options 2, 4, and 6 are less preferred because the site's existing stormwater management ponds would need to be relocated/redesigned to accommodate the proposed footprint. 

Terrestrial and Aquatic Environment

Existing Conditions 

  • Wildlife habitat is present within the Local Study Area. Wildlife is limited within the Site, but habitat for a species at risk bird (Eastern Meadowlark) and other grassland birds is present 
  • There are no features with natural heritage designation within the Site. Within the Local Study Area, various features with natural heritage designations exist, including Areas of Natural and Scientific Interest (ANSI), Significant Woodlands, Local Natural Area Environmentally Significant Areas, Key Hydraulic Features, and Core Areas 
  • The Site and Local Study Area are surrounded by natural landforms such as the Niagara Escarpment 
terrestrial.JPG

Comparative Evaluation of the Options 

  • All options are equally preferred because they would all have a low potential for adverse effects to the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, which would be further minimized through the use of standard mitigation measures. 

 


Transportation 

Existing Conditions 

  • Analysis shows all intersections and road way movements are operating very well with ample reserve and low levels of delay 
  • Traffic analysis was prepared in accordance with the City of Hamilton's Traffic Impact Study Guidelines 

 

Comparative Evaluation

  • All Options are equally preferred because the number of trucks permitted at the site would remain unchanged resulting in no adverse effects on road user safety or intersection capacity.